Norway and Sweden have just awarded Nobel Prizes for recognizing important contributions that individuals have made in specific fields. Here is the list of 2021 Nobel Prize winners published.
|Physics||Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann, and Giorgio Parisi|
|Peace||Dmitry Muratov, Maria Ressa|
|Physiology||David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian|
|Chemistry||Benjamin List, David MacMillan|
|Economics||David Card, Joshua D. Angrist, Guido W. Imbens|
- Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann share half of this year’s Physics Nobel Prize. Giorgio Parisi receives the other half. Their discoveries have revolutionized our understanding of the Earth’s climate and how humans influence it, as well as the theory of disordered materials and random processes.
- Molecule construction is a complex process. The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021 is awarded to Benjamin List and David MacMillan for developing a new tool for molecular construction: organocatalysis. Pharmaceutics research has greatly benefitted from this, and chemistry has become more environmentally friendly.
- David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian have been awarded this year’s medicine prize. They have unearthed one of nature’s secrets by explaining the molecular basis of the way we sense heat, cold, and mechanical force, which is crucial for feeling, interpreting, and interacting with our internal and external environments.
- “For his uncompromising and compassionate exploration of colonialism, the fate of refugees, and the gap between cultures and continents, Abdulrazak Gurnah has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for 2021.”
- The Norwegian Nobel Committee believes that free speech and freedom of information are both essential to democracy and prevent war and conflict. Those who won the 2021 peace prize represent the entire industry, since they stand up for democratic and free press ideals in an age when many in the world are hostile to them.
- We have gained new insights into the labour market from this year’s Nobel Prize winners, David Card, Joshua Angrist and Guido Imbens, demonstrating how natural experiments can contribute to causal inferences. Empirical research has been revolutionized by their approach and has spread to other fields.