India At A Glance | GS For SSC, Railways, CDS, Police Exams

  • Capital—New Delhi
  • Area—32,87,263 km2 (Seventh place in the World, 2.42% of the World. 1,20,849 km2 excluding which is occupied by China and Pakistan).
  • Boundaries—(1) Land : China, Nepal and Bhutan in the North, Myanmar and Bangladesh in the East, separated by hilly ranges. Pakistan and Afghanistan in the North-West. (2) Sea : Arabian Sea in the West, Indian ocean in the South and Bay of Bengal in the East.
  • Latitudinal Extent—8°- 4´ N to 37°- 6´ N. Roughly 29 Latitudes.
  • Longitudinal Extent—68°-7´ E to 97°-25´ E. Roughly 29 Longitudes.
  • Standard Meridian—82½ E. Longitudes (Passing through Allahabad. Time 5½ hrs ahead of Greenwich mean time).
  • Physical Divisions—1. Himalayas Mts. in the North. 2. Great Plains in the North. 3. Plateau region in the South. 4. Coastal plain. 5. Thar desert.
  • Distance of extreme South from equator—876 km.
  • East to West distance—2933 km.
  • North to South distance—3214 km.
  • Sea boundary including Islands—7516.6 km.
  • Land boundary—15,200 km.
  • Islands—Bay of Bengal—204, Arabian Sea—43.
  • States through which tropic of cancer passes— Gujarat, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura, Mizoram.
  • Mountainous Ranges—Godwin Austin K2 (8611 m.) (Highest peak in India), Beside this Kanchanjunga, Nanga Parwat, Nanda Devi, Kamet, Makalu, Anna- purna, Mansali, Badrinath, Kedar Nath, Trisul, etc.
  • Important Lakes—Wular, Dal, Chilka, Sambhar Didwana, Husain Sagar, Naini-ko-leru, Pulcit, Vembanand, Lunar, Nakki.
  • Total Population—1,21,05,69,573 (2011) (Final)
  • Percentage of World Population—17.5%.
  • Density of Population—382 persons km2 as per 2011 census.
  • Growth Rate—17.7%.
  • Sex Ratio—943 :1000.
  • Literacy—73.0% (Male Literacy 80.9%, Female Literacy 64.6%).
  • Forested Area—(2015 Report) 7,01,673 km2 (21.34% of the total geographical area), excluding Tree area of 2.82% (92572 km2).
  • Soils—Alluvial soil, Black soil, Red and Yellow soils, Laterite soil, Desert and Marshy soil.
  • Means of Irrigation—Canal (22%), Wells (16%), Tubewells (46%), Tanks (3%) and other (9%).
  • Agriculture
    1. Wet agriculture (without irrigation where average rainfall is more than 200 cm.
    2. Humid agriculture (Black and alluvial soil area, where rainfall is 110 to 200 cm).
    3. Jhuming cultivation (North – East India and Western Ghats).
    4. Terrace cultivation (Hill of arming) At the slopes of Himalayas.
  • No. of Districts—640 (2011)
  • Major Ports—13
  • No. of Class I Cities—468 (2011)
  • Total No. of Urban Areas—7,935 (2011)
  • State with maximum no. of cities—Uttar Pradesh (704)
  • State     with     highest     Urban     Population—Maharashtra 5,08,18,259 (2011)
  • State with Highest Percentage of Urban Population—Goa 62.17% (2011)
  • State with Percentage of Lowest Urban Population—Himachal Pradesh : 10.04 (2011)
  • Smallest State as per area—Goa (3702 km2)
  • District with Highest Population—Thane, Maharashtra (1.11 crore)
  • District with Lowest Population—Dibang Valley (Arunachal Pradesh, 7,948)
  • District     with     Highest     Literacy—Serchhip,     Mizoram (98.76%)
  • District with Lowest Lieracy—Koraput, Odisha (49.87%)
  • District with Highest Sex Ratio—Mahe, Puducherry (1176: 1000)
  • District     with     Lowest     Sex     Ratio—Jhajjar,    Haryana (774:1000)
  • City with Maximum Population—Mumbai, Maharashtra (1.25 crore)
  • City with Lowest Population—Nagda, M.P. (100,036)
  • City with Highest Literacy—Aizwal, Mizoram (98.80%)
  • City with Lowest Literacy—Rampur, U.P. (60.74%)
  • City     with     Highest     Sex     Ratio—Kozhikode,     Kerala (1093:1000)
  • City with Lowest Sex Ratio—Vapi, Gujarat (734:1000)
  • State with highest density of population (2011)—Bihar (1106), persons km2 (as per 2011 census)
  • State with lowest density of population (2011)—Arunachal Pradesh (17 persons km2)
  • Union Territory with minimum area—Laksha- dweep 32 km2
  • Union Territory with maximum area—Andaman Nicobar Islands (8249 km2)
  • No. of National Highways—313
  • Longest National Highway—National Highway 07, (2369 km2) (Varanasi to Kanya Kumari)
  • Biggest (largest) Railway Zone—Northern Railway
  • Tiger Projects—49
  • National Parks—166
  • Wild Life Sanctuaries—515
  • Biggest State according to area—Rajasthan (3,42,239 km2)
  • State      with       maximum      population—Uttar      Pradesh 19,98,12,341 persons (As per 2011 census)
  • State with minimum population—Sikkim (6,10,577 persons)
  • Highest Waterfall—Kunchikal waterfall at river Varahi in Karnataka
  • Largest Sea Beach—Marina Sea Beach (Chennai)
  • State with Longest Coast Line—Gujarat (1074 km)
  • Battle ground at highest point—Siachin area
  • Biggest    (Sweet     water)     Lake—Wular     lake    (Jammu- Kashmir)
  • Biggest River bridge—Mahatma Gandhi Bridge (Patna) Ganga-Patna 5,575 metre
  • Longest tunnel—Chenani-Nashri (Patnitop) (Jammu- Kashmir)
  • Biggest Cave Temple—Kailash temple (Ellora-Maharashtra)
  • Highest National award—Bharat Ratna
  • Highest Gallantry award— Param-Veer- Chakra
  • State with maximum Literacy (2011)—Kerala (first 100% literate state in the country).
  • State with minimum Literacy rate—Bihar (61.8% as per 2011 census).
  • Biggest artificial lake— Govind Sagar (Bhakra- Nangal)
  • Biggest natural harbour—Mumbai
  • Biggest Stadium—Yuba- Bharti salt lake-Kolkata
  • Biggest Indoor Stadium—Indira Gandhi Stadium (New Delhi).
  • Longest Canal—Indira Gandhi Canal (Rajasthan)
  • Highest Gate—Buland- Darwaja (Fatehpur-Sikri, Agra)
  • Biggest Delta—Sunder- ban (West Bengal)
  • Biggest Animal Fair—Sonpur (Bihar)
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