Airport involves a lot of physical features and in this blog, we’ll be taking a closer look at the Airport Definitions of some of its most important aspects like a runway, taxiway, aerodrome, and more. Airport design involves the design and construction of facilities for the landing, take off, movement of aircraft on the ground, parking of aeroplanes on loading aprons, maintenance and repairs of areas, access roads from the city side to airport, and handling of passengers, baggage and freight and these terms revolve around these parts of the airport. An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport. Airports often have facilities to park and maintain aircraft, and a control tower.
Aviation – Aviation means flying with the aid of a machine, heavier than air. Commercialized aviation is called civil aviation and is controlled by the civil aviation authority.
Runway – According to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a runway is a “defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft”. Runways may be a man-made surface (often asphalt, concrete, or a mixture of both) or a natural surface (grass, dirt, gravel, ice, sand or salt).
Taxiway – A defined path on a land aerodrome established for the taxiing of aircraft and intended to provide a link between one part of the aerodrome and another.
Apron – A defined area, on a land aerodrome, intended to accommodate aircraft for purposes of loading or unloading passengers, mail or cargo, fueling, parking or maintenance.
Parking Stand – The correct terminology for a place where aircraft park is stand or aircraft stand, where bay or parking bay is colloquial. The official definition from the ICAO ANNEX 14/I Aerodromes is: Aircraft stand. A designated area on an apron intended to be used for parking an aircraft.
Aircraft/Aeroplane – An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to fly by gaining support from the air. It counters the force of gravity by using either static lift or by using the dynamic lift of an airfoil, or in a few cases the downward thrust from jet engines.
Airport/Aerodrome – An aerodrome (Commonwealth English) or airdrome (American English) is a location from which aircraft flight operations take place, regardless of whether they involve air cargo, passengers, or neither. Aerodromes include small general aviation airfields, large commercial airports, and military air bases.