Nobel laureate Indian: The relation between India and Nobel Prizes is very old. From poets, writers, thinkers to economists, this world-famous award has been named in his name. Rabindranath Tagore became the first Indian to win it in the year 1913. After this, nine other Indians have won it.
Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel set aside the duration and funds for the Nobel Prizes in his will in 1985. He had said that people should be given this every year on the basis of their achievements. The country should not be seen in this. He died in the year 1996.
It took five years to start these awards. Earlier it was given in the fields of medicine, chemistry, literature, physics and peace. Later economics was also added to it. Know which Indians have got this honour so far:
|Abhijit Banerjee||2019||Economic Sciences “For their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty”|
|Kailash Satyarthi||2014||Peace “For their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.”|
|Venkatraman Ramakrishnan||2009||Chemistry “For studies of the structure and function of the ribosome.”|
|Amartya Sen||1998||Economic Sciences “For his contributions to welfare economics.”|
|Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar||1983||Physics “For his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.”|
|Mother Teresa||1979||Peace “In recognition of [her] work in bringing help to suffering humanity”|
|Har Gobind Khorana||1968||Physiology or Medicine “For their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis.”|
|C. V. Raman||1930||Physics “For his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him.”|
|Rabindranath Tagore||1913||Literature “Because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West.”|
Nobel laureate Indian :
1. Rabindranath Tagore
Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore was the first Indian to win this award. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in the year 1913. Tagore, who wrote in Bengali, was read and appreciated by people all over the world. Born in Calcutta in 1961, Tagore wrote on life, thought, philosophy, criticism and social issues. He died in the year 1941 at the age of 80.
2. Sir Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman
Sir CV Raman received the Nobel Prize for giving a detailed description and reason for the scattering of particles of light. Born in Tiruchirappalli in the year 1888, this scientist explained the relationship between light and energy closely. He died at the age of 82.
3. Har Gobind Khurana
Har Gobind Khurana, who won the Nobel in 1968, worked on the electron. He received the Nobel for his role in the genetic code and its protein synthesis. Born in Raipur in the year 1922, Khurana spent a lot of time with the University of Massachusetts. He died in the year 2011.
4. Mother Teresa
Mother Teresa was born in Macedonia. His parents belonged to Albania, but they came to Calcutta and devoted their whole life to human service. He founded the Missionaries of Charity to remove poverty, in which help was given to orphans, elderly, sick and poor.
His work was appreciated all over the world, and in 1979 he was awarded the Nobel Prize. Later, she also became the spokesperson for Vatican City. In 2016, Pope Francis gave him the title of saint posthumously.
5. Subramaniam Chandrasekhar
In 1983, S Chandrasekhar received the Nobel Prize for Physics. He gave his views on the evolution and composition of stars. Born in Lahore, Chandrashekhar came to India and was associated with the University of Chicago for a long time.
6. Amartya Sen
In 1998, Amartya Sen became the first economist to be given this award for public welfare economics. During his time with Trinity College in Britain, he highlighted the difficulties of welfare economics, the problems of resource and community distribution.
This knowledgeable of economics was born in the year 1933 in West Bengal, but studied in Dhaka (Bangladesh). His father was a professor. He did his PhD in the year 1959. He has taught in many renowned universities in the country and abroad.
7. Sir Vidyadhar Surajprasad Naipaul
Writer VS Naipaul was awarded the Nobel Prize in the year 2001. He was born in the year 1932 in Trinidad, but by origin he was Indian. Later he went to Britain and became a citizen there. Earlier in 1971, he also got the Booker Prize. In the year 1990, the British government gave him knighthood.
8. Venkataraman Ramakrishnan
Venkataraman Ramakrishna, born in Tamil Nadu, received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2009. He got this honor for giving information about the structure of the ribosome and its working. Born in the year 1952, Ramakrishna comes from a family of educationists.
In the year 2014, Kailash Satyarthi received this award for the eradication of child labor and his right to education. Born in 1954, Satyarthi taught children in Vidisha. After doing engineering, he joined education and then left teaching for ‘Bachpan Bachao Andolan’.
He freed young children from child labor and bonded labor. He also raised his voice against child abuse. Satyarthi, a member of UNESCO, has been an advocate of education for all. He made it to the list of the world’s greatest leaders in the year 2015.
10. Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee
Mumbai-born Abhijit Banerjee became the 10th Indian to have received the Nobel Prize for work towards eradicating poverty. Along with him, his wife has also been given this title. Born in 1961, Banerjee studied at the University of Calcutta and then went to JNU. He did his PhD from Harvard University in 1988.
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